Bonny and Read were two of the most famous and few female pirates, sailing the high seas during the Golden Age of Piracy in the 18th century. In Villains of All Nations, Marcus Rediker described the cross-dressing efforts of Bonny and Read, as well as other women, as attempts “to disguise themselves and enter worlds dominated by men.” According to court testimonies, the two female pirates “wore male attire during a chase or engagement, when a show of ‘manpower’ might help to intimidate their prey and force a quick surrender,” but otherwise wore female clothes in their daily routine.
Bonny and Read, despite their notoriety and capability as pirates, were still victims of gender inequality and discrimination. Regardless of their weaponry and their skill with them, the women were considered most fearsome and dangerous when dressed in men’s clothing and thus distanced from their true gender. Mary Read even went so far as to categorize herself as a “[man] of courage” to assert her capability as a seafarer.